Doctor of Philosophy in
Management Leadership and Administration (Ph.D.)

The leader needs to have a sense of the unknowable, and be able to see the unforeseeable....This is partly what gives the leaders their "lead", what puts them ahead and qualifies them to show the way.
Robert K. Greenleaf. Servant Leadership (Paulist Press) 1991

(you can choose a Futures Studies focus with this degree)

A doctoral degree differs from a master's degree in several key areas. A basic difference is that a master's degree demonstrates mastery in a specific field. A doctoral degree reflects more than knowledge. It requires that the candidate further the body of knowledge. This is done through expanding, evolving, proving, or disproving a theory. In the alternative, the candidate can propose an alternative theory. However, in any case the dissertation must be grounded in classical theory.


Doctor of Philosophy in Leadership and Administration

Academic Program

The Ph.D. program requires a minimum of two years and a maximum of five years for completion. The program is based on Servant Leadership and 21st Century studies. The degree program, as is the case with most doctoral programs, can be tailored to meet your professional needs, focus, and desired outcomes.

The Ph.D. program totals 96 Credits. The distribution of credits involves 66 credits of module or course work and 30 credits awarded to the dissertation. The curriculum consists of ten modules or courses. Each module in turn contains three components of three credits each for a total of nine credits per module.

There are four core modules and three elective modules required for a total of 63 credits. In addition, a Program and Professional Growth Plan valued at three credits is required of each student. Although the Plan is the initial task for each student, it is revisited and updated annually. All students are required to take the four core modules, although the order in which they are taken is not prescribed. Similarly, students may choose elective modules before they have completed the core requirements.

Transfer Policy

Students may transfer in no more than 27 credits. No more than one core course may be transferred. There are no transfer options for the Program and Professional Growth Plan or for the Dissertation.

The Program and Professional Growth Plan-PPGP(3 Credits)

Upon acceptance into the program, the learner will receive a booklet entitled The Program and Professional Growth Plan. The PPGP assists the learner in reviewing his/her professional experiences in depth. By identifying strengths and interests, the learner prepares a foundation from which to develop a dissertation topic. The PPGP also assists the learner in preparing a study plan and a potential time line for progression through the program.

Upon initial completion of the PPGP, the learner will have a much better idea of his/her starting point, the requirements of a Ph.D., and an organizational plan which can lead to completion and graduation. Upon completion of the PPGP, the learner will forward it to the faculty mentor. Approval of a submitted work is a two-step process. The faculty mentor either will recommend the PPGP for approval or will return it to the learner for revisions. If the faculty mentor recommends approval, it will be forwarded to the Vice President for Academic Affairs for final approval. The Vice President for Academic Affairs, working in conjunction with the faculty mentor, either will grant final approval or will return it to the learner for revision.

The Program and Professional Growth Plan requires that the learner annually review and update the PPGP. In this way, the PPGP becomes both a diagnostic tool and a directional tool for evolution. The PPGP is valued a three Credits The Curriculum (10 Modules, nine Credits each)

The curriculum is divided into two parts--the Core Modules and the Elective Modules. The Core Modules are more foundational and generic in nature. In addition, although applications to students' fields and professions occur throughout the program, the Elective Modules particularly emphasize career options. Students may make special arrangements to take more than the required three Elective Modules.

Core Modules (36 Credits)

1. Management of Transformation and Innovation (9 Credits) An analysis of the management of change, the use of strategic planning as a way of disciplining and monitoring change, and the development of communication strategies to insure that the innovations are known, valued and shared. Case studies will be cited to demonstrate how different structures and organizations manage change.

2. Futures Research: Forecasting Methodologies and Models (9 Credits) An exploration of the principal forecasting and trending instruments used to establish the parameters and simulations of future events and behaviors, the use of risk analysis and risk assessment to estimate impacts, and the capacity of Delphi and scenarios to simulate future events.

3. Future Leaders, Managers, and Workers (9 Credits) A presentation of the future roles and relationships between leaders, managers, and workers in both the public and private sectors, nationally and globally. Particular attention will be paid to the notion of the Servant Leaders of a Servant Institution.

4. Futures Research Agenda (9 Credits) A compilation of major futures research agenda items by field and profession. It will be created by each student for his/her profession and organization and combine those items drawn from the bibliography as well as the student's own profession. Indeed, it is highly likely that the student's own dissertation research will involve one or more of these major research agenda items.

Elective Modules (3 of 6 Modules, 9 Credits each = 27 Credits)

5. Communication and Information Systems (9 Credits) An analysis of the art and science of knowledge management, the current and future state of information systems, the use of distance learning and training via internet and satellite, and the long range projections of the future of the World Wide Web.

6. Organizational Structures and Behaviors (9 Credits) An examination of the major international agencies, their structural configurations, and their roles in promoting international stability and national integrity. Particular emphasis will be placed on multinational organizations especially those that have entered into overseas partnerships and joint ventures.

7. Globality (9 Credits) A description and analysis of demographics, economics, and diversity of the global economy and competition; the commitment of multinationals to world quality standards such as ISO 9000; and the prospects in the future for internal trade and joint ventures. Particular attention will be paid to the characteristics and qualities of the global leader and manager in all fields and sectors, especially managing across cultures.

8. The Environment and Sustainable Development (9 Credits) An examination of the global environment and of environmental organizations and groups, the linkage between environmental, protection, and sustainable economic development, the limits to growth global simulation, and the prospect for environmental stability in the 21st century.

9. Technology (9 Credits) An exploration of the major technological breakthroughs that are likely to occur in the next 25 years; an estimate of the various orders of impacts such technologies will have on world commerce and productivity; the use of technology assessment as a form of technology risk analysis; and the use of innovation training as a spur to technology inventiveness.

10. Systems Theory (9 Credits) A discussion of the nature of classic, current, and future theories of systems and their capacity to explain and to some extent predict the behaviors of large scale organizations, followed by a series of typical systems theory applications via case studies.

Curriculum Guides

A curriculum guide has been developed for each module. The format for each module is as follows:

1. Objectives (Stated as outcomes of mastery)

2. Rationale

a. Why study this material?
b. If a Core module, why Core?
c. Justification in a futures curriculum.
d. Linkages to other modules and the total curriculum.
e. Elements and factors of integration and synthesis.
f. Global and international dimensions and applications.

3. Theoretical Base

a. History of Theories
b. Current schools of thought
c. Indications of future paradigms

4. Parameters

a. Scope of module
b. Limits
c. Overlaps
d. Interdisciplinary

5. The Syllabus

a. Breadth--The Macro View
b. Depth--Macro-Micro Intersect
c. Application--Micro

6. Bibliography

a. Concept of Literature Review
b. Nature of annotated bibliography
c. Critical evaluation of bibliography
d. Seminal authors only for the module, all subsequent and additional sources are searched electronically

7. Evaluation

a. Student self-assessment of mastery of outcomes
b. Faculty evaluation of student work and capacity for evaluation and integration of knowledge and research

Capstone Integration Orals

At the completion of all seven modules and prior to undertaking work on the research proposal of the dissertation, each student will participate in an orals discussion with a number of faculty. The focus of the discussion is to assess the integrated knowledge of the seven modules completed by each student. The knowledge of each module already has been separately evaluated. Here the emphasis is on the integration and synthesis of the knowledge of the total program as selected by the student. The linkage process has been prepared for by building into the format of each module its relationship to other modules and the total program.


After successful completion of the Capstone Integration Orals, each learner will undertake a doctoral project, or a dissertation. The dissertation is expected to meet the highest standards of scholarship and inquiry. The project must have practical, as well as theoretical, application and must be generalizable to fields beyond the local professional practice of the learner. A global application is highly desirable. All forms of doctoral inquiry are acceptable as doctoral projects. However, all projects must result in significant new knowledge for the professional fields beyond the local or specific situation.

Building Research Capacity

Since adult learners especially at the doctoral levels tend to be rich in experience and application, but poor in theory and research, and because the Ph.D. is a research oriented degree, special attention and commitment must be paid to building research capacity from the start of the program to its culmination in the research dissertation. The following aspects of the total program are designed to structure a progressively developing research capability:

1. Program and Professional Growth Plan (3 Credits) Requires each student to begin the process of identifying potential dissertation research topics and the resources that would be necessary to accomplish that research. Because the Plan must be updated annually, the developmental dimension will particularly be apparent in the more mature discussion of the potential dissertation topics and resources.

2. Research Core Modules Two of the four required Core modules are devoted to research designs and methodologies. In addition, the curriculum format for all modules has built into it research exercises and especially research evaluation. Indeed, the application section of each module is a mini-research project often applicable to the dissertation.

3. Residencies All residencies will feature workshops on research design, qualitative and quantitative research, statistical analysis; the design of survey and questionnaire instruments, etc.

4. Dissertation Research Proposal Before the dissertation can be undertaken, a research proposal must be developed and approved by the student's Dissertation Committee. That research proposal minimally will consist of three sections or chapters. These address the statement of the research questions and hypotheses; a literature review; discussion of the research design and methodology; and the prognosis or plan for data presentation, conclusions, and recommendations.

Curriculum Enhancements

1. Professional Associations All students are required to join and be a member of a professional organization or society appropriate to their profession. In addition, all students are encouraged to be members of the World Future Society and be active in regional chapters of WFS.

2. Consultant Training and Application Each module via its project or application component offers the option of a consulting opportunity. Students electing this option can essentially use the subject matter of the module to construct a consulting or training proposal and have it reviewed by the faculty as a consulting proposal. In addition, occasionally Greenleaf University itself is asked to undertake contract consulting work. Our acceptance is contingent on the extent to which it can provide opportunities for students to serve as consulting associates to the faculty.

3. Career Development The curriculum has been designed and tested to accommodate a number of different professions and fields. These include, but are not limited to, business administration and management, education, health, human services, nonprofits, public administration, consultants, and entrepreneurs. To facilitate a focus on careers, the first assignment all students must complete and regularly update is a Professional Growth Plan. This PGP is the student's career path blueprint throughout the program. Indeed, the updating process requires that at the completion of each module the student makes an entry that reflects the potential impact that module can have on career plans.

4. Publishing and Presentation The project or application section of each module as well as the dissertation itself provide a number of significant opportunities for the student to convert his/her studies and research into publishable articles and/or presentations at professional meetings. All members of the faculty have experience with publications and they can advise and supervise the student's efforts to disseminate findings. Indeed, occasional faculty and students will collaborate on an article or presentation.

5. Employer Involvement Option One of the ways Greenleaf University hopes to encourage employers to provide their employees with tuition support and tuition remission programs is to offer the Employer Involvement Option. The concept is very simple and basic. Students are involved throughout the curriculum in at least seven opportunities to research and develop projects, some of which have to be of interest and value to their employers. The option program thus basically offers to employers an opportunity to get a return on their investment in the student's doctoral research program. In addition, a number of employers have taken a proactive response to this option by creating an internal team of advisors to support and enhance the student's research. The end result is that the student's research experience is considerably enriched by having the faculty team supplemented by practitioners in the student's profession and field. Although the Greenleaf University doctoral program is very demanding, it is also extremely supportive. The learner will find the process from initiate to doctor to be challenging, exhilarating, and worth-while. Unlike other graduate programs the program is explicit, and the staff and faculty support the learner from beginning to completion.


Each learner is required* (see second option below) to attend annually a one-week residency each calendar year during enrollment in the doctoral program. The seminar fee is $1,000. Lodging and meals will be charged in addition to the seminar fee. The estimated cost of lodging and meals for the one-week seminar is $750. Travel expenses are the responsibility of the learner.

During the residency, Greenleaf University sponsors a series of presentations and panel discussions to stimulate awareness of current issues in leadership, to promote scholarly discussion among learners and faculty, and to provide an opportunity for learners and faculty to socialize. The topics selected for the presentation focus on global and trans-cultural dimensions of the GU program within various professional fields. Faculty are present for mentoring learners.

Residency also is an excellent opportunity for learners to progress on program modules. Students who have completed all the required modules, passed the Capstone Integration Orals, and are involved in the research proposal and dissertation phase of the program will be tapped as presenters, seminar associates, mentor associate discussants, and/or conveners at the residency session. Appropriate training of these senior students will be provided prior to the residency.

*In the case a student is not able to attend this vital residency experience, the requirement can be satisfied by presenting a paper at a professional conference.

Goals and Purposes

1. To facilitate progress through the program

2. To offer exemplary models of academic research, futures studies and servant leadership

3. To build research capacity

4. To provide instruction and application for electronic library access and searches

5. To explore career paths

6. To provide opportunities for advising and mentoring by faculty and networking by students and alumni

7. To provide writing tutorials and completion interventions on an individual tutorial basis

Capstone Integration, Proposal, and Dissertation Orals.

The learner is required to undergo three orals presentations--the Capstone Integration Orals (CIO), proposal of the dissertation orals, and dissertation orals. All orals are conducted by telephone conference call and recorded on file. These must be arranged and coordinated by the learner. Average expense for each is about $200.

Dissertation Processing

Additionally, the learner will pay a dissertation processing fee. This includes submission of the dissertation to a style and format editor, microfilming, copying, and binding. The fee for dissertation processing is $750. This fee is payable to Greenleaf University upon approval and acceptance of the final dissertation.

How long will it take? At a minimum, 18 months. Conservatively, two to three years. Your efforts are the determining factor and will lead to a successful graduation.

What are the tuition and fees? Greenleaf University's dual tuition option applies. A student may pay $650.00 per month (Fellowships are available) or $150.00 per credit hour. Write for more details. Apply today!